Category Archives: ALDE

Italian Alde Individual Members Country Coordinators: candidates manifesto

Italian ALDE Individual Members are voting also to elect Country Coordinators. In this post, we asked asked to the candidates to present themselves with a manifesto. He we are the answers, we received them  from foue of eight candidates

ANDREINA SERENA ROMANO

As for the poor result of +Europa in last italian elections,  how to restart to buiild a liberal-democratic italian house, who can be a firm and alternative voice to to fight the populist drift?

First of all it is essential to get rid of the political thought that we Italians are used to. We live in a moment of great instability and distrust, what people expect is positivity and solutions. From here we must start, following the many liberal European examples, to build a liberal democratic home that can make the difference.

What we need to focus on is a new wave of ideas that totally deviates from what has been done up until now: in the names, in the diaries, in the programmes.

The perspective of a declared anti-EU Government risk to isolate Italy in European policies, and next year’s EU Election could deliver a similar situation, not also in Italy. What could be the role of the Alde and the liberal-democratic and radical forces?

Alde should open itself to more popular initiatives: this means for me to get closer to people and tell them about the objectives and responses of the EU in these years. We need to talk, talk more constantly, only in this way can we explain how important Europe is for all of us and for our growth. You probably need to do it with a more “pop” and less formal apportion, moving away from long days on difficult issues but making the learning process easier and usable.

What are the priorities to be addressed in South Constituency,  on which you will work in case of election?

The South of Italy at this moment is experiencing a small quiet revolution. A moment of refusal. And he revealed it in these last elections. It is essential to open up to more people, especially coming to small local circuits. We have to look not only to great electoral challenges, but also to the smaller challenges. just so we can get closer to more people. This I would like to imagine for the South, a constant path that sees ALDE always alongside people.

CARLO D’APRILE

As for the poor result of +Europa in last italian elections,  how to restart to buiild a liberal-democratic italian house, who can be a firm and alternative voice to to fight the populist drift?

Although the election’s result were  not positive for the +Europa  list I’m strongly convinced that only a movement like this could carry on the idea of building a liberal party in a basically Eurosceptic country. The outcome was not totally satisfying due to different reasons:

– +Europa was born officially only 1½ month before the elections. Therefore, we as supporters had not enough time to spread the liberal and pro-european message among the electorate.

– +Europa was ally of Democratic Party, led by Matteo Renzi, a figure that was considered by the average of the people as one of the cause of Italy’s economic situation;

– The circulation of fake-news throughout in social media spread the idea that the European Union and its institutions are not only useless, but even people’s enemy. In the following days we’ll join the first assembly of the Europhile movement called “Forza Europa”, whose goal is to make the foundation of “+Europa” completely possible, with an approved charter, defined roles and responsibility and a shared political programme. I don’t know yet if this project will see the light of day, but I think that only a political movement or party, with liberal and pro-european values, can be the right answer to populism.

The perspective of a declared anti-EU Government risk to isolate Italy in European policies, and next year’s EU Election could deliver a similar situation, not also in Italy. What could be the role of the Alde and the liberal-democratic and radical forces?

In these rounds of consultations with the main Italian political parties, the president of the republic Mattarella made clear that the new Italian government will have to respect and protect Italy’s role in the EU. After the elections Di Maio (M5S) said that in case of a government led by M5S “Italy will remain NATO’s ally and will stay both in the EU and in the Eurozone”. Maybe I’m too optimistic, but I think that, even if a government between M5S and Lega will be arranged, it will be not as eurosceptic as we feared.

Moreover, if we consider the opinion polls for the European election, the voting intentions of ALDE members reached a record high. In a post-ideological era, people are searching for new faces and new ideas. And I’m sure that in many European countries (like Spain’s Ciudadanos ) many ALDE-party members will satisfy this need.

ALDE should collaborate and communicate not only with its members but also with those political parties that contains liberal idea in order to build a solid “liberal people’s house”. To do this, ALDE should for example talk with all political parties here in Italy that submitted liberal values in their political program,  either in the left for the pro-Europeanism or in the right for the tax cut.

What are the priorities to be addressed in your Constituency,  on which you will work in case of election?

My main activities will be to:

-Create a network: I’m member of the local committee of the – not yet officially founded – political party “+Europa”. In these months we’re trying to create a network of pro-european movements in order to organize meeting between the members of the associations and to share our different idea of Europe and liberal values.

In the same way the first thing I’d do is to get in touch with all ALDE Coordinators and IM of my area, meet them and discuss with them the best way to create events.

–  Organizing events: the goal of the first step is to achieve also events having as main topic Europe and its liberal values. These events would be an opportunity to let people who share the same ideas debate and study together. Furthermore, I’m convinced that this kind of meeting will bring involved people closer to ALDE and it will consequently increase the number of IMs.

FRANCESCO CONDO’

The result of the last Italian elections is part of a more generalized populist trend that affects all Europe. This trend has historical dimensions, since it has already changed the Zeitgeist, the spirit of our age, and risks reversing the path towards the open society that the Western countries have followed in the last decades.

In Italy as in the rest of the EU, populism is a consequence of a widespread sense of insecurity and fear that we can reduce to two main points:

1.      Insecurity related to personal safety: this kind of insecurity is mainly due to the attitude of the media, that usually prefer to report crime news in a sensationalistic way rather than on the basis of facts and figures (which show that in Italy violent crime has steadily decreased over recent years). In addition, this insecurity is fed by the rhetoric of the “invasion”, entailing an emergency and securitarian approach to migrations, rather than a structural and multidimensional one.

From this point of view, ALDE and the liberal-democratic forces should try to contrast catastrophism with facts and should base their communication on the positive effects that further European integration may have on security (e.g. through the exchange of best practices and by sharing intelligence services, anti-terrorism investigative police, border police, immigration policies).

2.      Economic insecurity resulting from the crisis of the recent years: two recent papers (this one  and this other one) show how populism is fuelled by economic insecurity and how much the vote for populist parties increased in the Eurozone regions where the impact of Chinese competition has been stronger. Therefore it is essential that the liberal democrats, now perceived as an expression of the elites of the main urban centres, try to root their presence:

a.       in the peripheral areas most affected by the crisis, where we should encourage a reconversion of the industrial and job environment of these areas. This is a very difficult task, because populist proposals are simpler and more easily understandable, but going back to the status quo ante countering globalization and free trade is not a solution that works.

b.      In the most productive and industrial areas: the liberal democratic forces should talk with the entrepreneurs and seek solutions to ensure that the institutions (from the European to the local level) don’t prevent but facilitate business.

Mentioning business brings me to the topic of the ALDE IM strategy and in particular to the mission that was submitted to our vote. I totally support all the points of the mission, but when I read the first drafts few months ago I didn’t realize that there is a missing bullet: the mission doesn’t mention the role of enterprises as engine of the economy and main driver for the creation of jobs and wealth. I hope that in the near future there will be room to add such a point.

Carrying on the work on the strategy together with the Steering Committee will be one of my priorities (from the internal point of view) if I am elected as coordinator of the IMs in North-Western Italy. In this regard, we might also discuss the tools to implement the strategy, including the convenience that ALDE IM local chapters may be organized as local associations (I still do not have a clear opinion in this regard). I would also like to work at the setting up of thematic groups with ALDE IMs of other regions and countries, in order to make more effective the contribution of the individual membership within ALDE.

GIOVANNI IANNELLO LEONE

 

4 march 2018 is gone and 23-26 may 2019 is coming. +Europa can be a new start only if Italian LibDems want it, but we need to go further than +Europa. We don’t need a parliamentary group separated from citizens and from a stable political activism. We need a modern and effective party for LibDems and allies. We need a new LiberalDemocratic party that brings together the various trends that enriches liberalism, the various stories and the common future of the Italian Liberal Democrats. We must work for this and ALDE IM can be very useful for that.
About my goals: proselytism, organisation, internal communications and starting to build ALDE Party-IM as political membership of a pan-European Party. Close collaboration among Italian and European coordinators is necessary. We can’t wait more time. Europe can collapse in a short while and we need EU as a large area of liberty, democracy and common citizenship, as well as a greener, fairer Europe that struggles for knowledge diffusion as a new citizens universal right.

FRANCESCO FRANCO

+ Europa was born only at the end of January 2018, very close to italian election so I think that with 900000 votes received and 4 MP elected we have to consider this not as a disappointing result but an extraordinary one! Where to go or start again?  From the request of the people for fresh air. In my opinion, + Europa have not emphasized enough the fact that its candidates were not, and are not, political professionals. ALDE has to do the same thing: taking inspiration from En marche, a small group of volunteers who spend time on their computer to learn about the problems of ordinary people. In additioncommunication have to be simple, even when we talk about complex problems and not immediately intuitive solutions. We have a lot to learn from communicators such as Grillo and Salvini: they use a simple language, easy to understand to common people. Or we may think to Jesus, another formidable communicator: he use parables, so we can use examples.

In order to prevent the creation of an anti-European majority in the European Parliament at the next EU elections, the role of ALDE should be to exercise a maieutic leadership of action on the M5S (which, like Zelig, is magmatic and takes the form of  various parties). It’s necessary to ensure that future MEPs join ALDE Group: Guy up. (Guy Verhofstadt had shown considerable foresight when a few months ago he managed to convince M5S ask for ALDE membership, a pity that such farsightedness was lacking for other liberal groups.

Not only in my constituency, but across the indivual membership, the priority should be to keep the forces in training even collecting the necessary signatures for  civil rights defence and initiatives, such the ICE one about art  7 of treaty which allows the illiberal democracies (such as Poland and Hungary) to be excluded from the right to vote in the European institutions.

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ALDE Individual Members Steering Comittee elections: candidates manifesto

ALDE Individual Members are voting also to elect Steering Comitte Members. In this post, Elizabeth Evenden Kenyon asked to the candidates to present themselves with a manifesto. He we are tthe answers of five of them.

ANDERS BASBØLL

Fidesz is tapping into a wider European trend: the rise of identity-based politics.’ (The Economist, 5 April 2018) In a Europe where citizens are increasingly steered by nationalists to choose between ‘them’ (immigrants and migrants) and ‘us’, how would you utilise this Steering Committee position to help ALDE promote cohesion and inclusion in Europe?

I think the major problem with Fidesz is the lack of respect for basic democracy. OSCE: “The 8 April parliamentary elections were characterized by a pervasive overlap between state and ruling party resources,” and “the freedoms of the media and association have been restricted,” this is outrageous. I congratulated the Danish Conservative Party with its win in Hungary on social media, and suggest others could do likewise. It is revolting that Fidesz is tolerated and congratulated by the EPP. Democracy is not just for potential members to live up to, also for present members – and I will support measures against Hungary until free and fair elections are back. I think the restrictions and bias of media is partly behind the success of ”them”/”us”. To me, being liberal is about being colorblind. However, we shall not ignore real problems concerning immigration nor the very real benefits that immigration brings every day. More than any specific action by the SC,I think that having a successful IM that all of us create, makes more people get to know both facts but also policies in other member states – this can help to the spreading of best practices. And, obviously, any limitation on the free movement of EU citizens in the Union is unacceptable, and I think the IM could be a strong voice against border controls.I run to help create a stronger organisation with clearer internal rules and procedures to make sure all members can participate as fruitful as possible. This should create a better atmosphere and better argued positions in general. I think the SC can help with the sharing of information and experiences between countries, making it easier to make better campaigns – and I can imagine many local campaigns could be about tolerance – but I think local activities will have to start from local ideas and wishes, not from the SC.

‘Brexit means Brexit.’ (Teresa May) How might we help initiate in Europe a move away from (advisory) referenda, towards a more nuanced approach to public consultation on the future of European identity and relations?

I don’t see public consultations being an alternative to neither elections nor referenda.I am in favor of representative democracy, but sometimes, especially on sovereignty, a referendum is a good way to decide an issue. However, neither referenda nor Parliaments should be able to take Europe hostage. For instance, trade is clearly a European matter – Trade deals should not be signed by member states, only by the EU – it is a catastrophy, that the Canadian FTA was nearly stopped by the Wallonian Parliament – and the Ukraine FTA by Dutch voters (destructive regardless of method of voting).I think new treaties (at least on which issuies the EU will have competence) will continue to require unanimity, at least for a long time – but decisions on enlargement and procedures should be changed to some kind of qualified majority decisions.

Our lives are made up of moments of success and misfortune, worry and hope. Tell us something about your life experience that has given you insight or motivation, which you would bring to the role, to help steer us towards a brighter, stronger future?
My second child was born in the UK when we lived there. We were accepted as fellow citizens – BTW also when I was voting (Lib Dem) for the local council. Seeing the UK sleepwalking out of the Union is hurtful. This piece of art  made a strong impression – imagine telling a WW2 survivor that the boarders look like that now (and no country has invaded the others). We shall not be the generation that had free movement of humans, goods and ideas and threw it all away. I don’t say that we should only play defence – but I think we have to face the fact, that what we have, we could loose – we shall be ready to fight! We need to play offence too – for the completion of the single market on services, for a real common foreign, security and defence policy and for a Commission chosen by the Parliament (as in most member states) – this starts by defending the Spitzenkandidaten and make sure that all the voters know about them in 2019. I think we should work for a primary of the ALDE candidate where all members of all member parties and Individual Members shall have one vote each.

STUART BONAR

Fidesz is tapping into a wider European trend: the rise of identity-based politics.’ (The Economist, 5 April 2018) In a Europe where citizens are increasingly steered by nationalists to choose between ‘them’ (immigrants and migrants) and ‘us’, how would you utilise this Steering Committee position to help ALDE promote cohesion and inclusion in Europe?

This is a big challenge, and I think an ALDE steering committee member can do two things. The first thing is to encourage Individual Members (IMs) across Europe – individually and also through any liberal party they may be a part of in their home country – to engage with people newly arrived in their country, and with people from other groups in society that are pushed to the political margins too. Bring them into the political debate locally, encourage them to join ALDE and take part. Ultimately, the ALDE IM membership needs to be as diverse as the people of Europe are diverse.

The second action is to speak out. As liberals we must be brave and unapologetic about our values. Take the UK, for example, over 10,000 doctors in our National Health Service are nationals of EU Member States other than the UK, and 20,000 nurses too. For British liberals, we need to be vocal about the contribution that EU citizens from outside the UK make to our country. We liberals must meet fear with hope.

‘Brexit means Brexit.’ (Theresa May) How might we help initiate in Europe a move away from (advisory) referenda, towards a more nuanced approach to public consultation on the future of European identity and relations?

The UK’s 2016 EU referendum is the best possible advertisement against referendums. Vast amounts of money and time that could be spent productively on improving the lives of British people is instead being wasted on delivering a policy that the politicians themselves know will make the UK poorer and weaker. At the same time, a great many people (myself included) are increasingly angry and vocal about the fact that we are to be stripped – against our will – of an EU citizenship that is a vital part of our identity.

We need to keep pointing to Britain’s damaging Brexit experience as an example of why we need to discuss and debate European identity and how we relate to one another as Europeans. These problems arise when issues are not addressed openly.

Additionally, ALDE IMs should be encouraged to promote within their own national liberal parties and also within their own communities more discussion about EU initiatives and “big picture” questions about the future of Europe. We need to inject the EU into mainstream political discussions that take place around Europe. The idea of pan-European parties, like ALDE, that have individual membership are one way of helping to achieve that in the long term.

Our lives are made up of moments of success and misfortune, worry and hope. Tell us something about your life experience that has given you insight or motivation, which you would bring to the role, to help steer us towards a brighter, stronger future?

I started to learn Swedish a few years ago. I love the country, admire its values, so I thought I’d learn its language. I liked the idea that after a few years I could possibly move my work and my life to Sweden too.That plan, sketchy as it is, was crushed by the narrow vote by the UK to leave the EU. Brexit will strip me of a freedom of movement that I have had for my entire adult life. I was asked in the referendum if I wanted to keep those freedoms and I answered: “yes”. Nonetheless, I am scheduled to be stripped of them in the near future.

More than that, I will be stripped of my EU citizenship too. It is a vital part of my identity, and yet it will soon be torn from my hands. All of this is totally against my will. I campaigned for months, in all weathers and all across the country, for the UK to remain in the EU. Brexit pains me deeply.

I intend to make a last-ditch attempt to move across the Channel before the end of the transition phase to see if I can secure at least some rights before the door is slammed shut. But I will do so ill-prepared and not at a time of my choosing.

All of that has been a searing experience for me. And it has driven me not only to commit to stay engaged in European issues, but it drives me to want to fight to ensure that our liberal, open values continue to grow and flourish. Being an ALDE IM is an important part of that.

SOFIA AFONSO FERREIRA

‘Fidesz is tapping into a wider European trend: the rise of identity-based politics.’ (The Economist, 5 April 2018) In a Europe where citizens are increasingly steered by nationalists to choose between ‘them’ (immigrants and migrants) and ‘us’, how would you utilise this Steering Committee position to help ALDE promote cohesion and inclusion in Europe?

Fidesz is just a part of a major problem. The only solution to fight the increasingly nationalists and populist partys is… information. Give people the right information and numbers, what we really need to know about the emigration issue in Europe. It’s a priority and duty for every liberal to do that work.

‘Brexit means Brexit.’ (Teresa May) How might we help initiate in Europe a move away from (advisory) referenda, towards a more nuanced approach to public consultation on the future of European identity and relations?

I strongly believe in representative democracy and referenda is part of that. Even if sometimes we don’t like or agree with the result. Brexit is a reality, we need to learn e think about what happened and work together to prevent more disintegration in Europe.

Our lives are made up of moments of success and misfortune, worry and hope. Tell us something about your life experience that has given you insight or motivation, which you would bring to the role, to help steer us towards a brighter, stronger future?

I’m the founder of Democracia21 in Portugal, a civil movement that is collecting signatures to become a party this year. I believe it’s important to defend our political agenda as we don’t have a liberal party for decades in my country. I’m fighting to do a strong liberal project and create a bridge with UE, being a Steering Committee member will help me to do that and increase the number of IM’s in Portugal and in UE with portuguese emigrants.

SEBASTIEN MARTIN

Fidesz is tapping into a wider European trend: the rise of identity-based politics.’ (The Economist, 5 April 2018) In a Europe where citizens are increasingly steered by nationalists to choose between ‘them’ (immigrants and migrants) and ‘us’, how would you utilise this Steering Committee position to help ALDE promote cohesion and inclusion in Europe?

It would be a mistake to simply brush off nationalist movements as being just temporary anomalies, incomprehensible events that will disappear naturally with the passage of time and the application of reason. First, nationalism feeds off from fears, and those fears shall be clearly acknowledged, if not addressed. For example, progress shall be made to establish common rules to curb social dumping and tax evasion; to set-up a real European Defense Union against external threats; and have a decent and coherent European migration policy.

But nationalism also comes from the need – which we all have – to belong to a group and feel part of a community. The feeling to belong to a larger European community is shared today by specific groups and younger generations, but certainly not by all citizens. ALDE must continue to defend a European identity and we must continue to promote it as Individual Members.

We will have several opportunities to do exactly that this year: our resolutions can defend initiatives to spread a European vision and, through them, a European identity (for example, trans-nationalists). But probably the most important opportunity will be the clear (re-)statement of our values in the party manifesto that we are already preparing for the 2019 EP elections.

‘Brexit means Brexit.’ (Teresa May) How might we help initiate in Europe a move away from (advisory) referenda, towards a more nuanced approach to public consultation on the future of European identity and relations?

Let me be clear on this: referenda are not bad in themselves; only the political intent behind them can be. Brexit has been possible due to a massive misinformation campaign organized by mischievous politicians who, as soon as they had recovered their senses following the surprise of their own “success”, refused to take any responsibility for it (Farage standing down from UKIP; Johnson declining to become PM). Unfortunately, this odious strategy only met a very weak – if not totally absent – campaign from those who were supposed to be its most vehement and visible adversaries.

Besides referenda, some other forms of public consultations already exist, which use we shall probably promote and encourage more openly. As an example, let me mention the “European citizens’ initiative”, which allows European citizens to force the European Commission to take action (more information can be found here).

More generally, it’s important to improve the EU’s communication as to what it does, and show citizens more clearly what it brings in their daily life (as a very concrete if not trivial example, think about ending data roaming in the EU!). It’s equally important to reject the debate which reduces the EU to a mere budgetary debate, an opposition between “net payers” and “net receivers”, and show all the gains that the Union brings to the continent – starting with something that, maybe, we take too much for granted: peace.

Finally, education is key. As proposed by the Parti Radical in France, I’m a firm supporter of civic courses at school, explaining the values underpinning our free societies; the role of national and European institutions; the importance of democracy, separation of powers and the rule of law (which some European countries seem to have forgotten recently…).

Our lives are made up of moments of success and misfortune, worry and hope. Tell us something about your life experience that has given you insight or motivation, which you would bring to the role, to help steer us towards a brighter, stronger future?

I somehow feel a bit embarrassed to admit that I feel quite lucky in my life! With enough patience, I have had the opportunity to try what I wanted to try, and lived the experiences I wanted to live. Along the way, I have made fantastic friends, worked alongside inspiring colleagues, and benefited from the support of a great family.

Nevertheless, I find some comfort in thinking that luck, while always necessary, cannot explain everything. Qualities such as curiosity, discipline, and determination shall count too; as the ability to work well in a group, accept criticism and not being afraid to fail. If elected, that’s those qualities which I will bring to the Steering Committee. In any case, supported by motivated people like you and our great community, I feel encouraged to continue our fight for a fairer and freer world.

BTR NAIDU

Fidesz is tapping into a wider European trend: the rise of identity-based politics.’ (The Economist, 5 April 2018) In a Europe where citizens are increasingly steered by nationalists to choose between ‘them’ (immigrants and migrants) and ‘us’, how would you utilise this Steering Committee position to help ALDE promote cohesion and inclusion in Europe?

A common border needs a common defense.   This has been a major problem for the immigrant problem in 2015 which also gave raise to nationalism and identity-based politics.  There should have been direct involvement of EU member states to deal with the crisis in Hungary so that it is also visible to the citizens locally.  A stronger and more integrated Europe is what is needed to address such issues in future.  Common army, United states of Europe and European citizenship are some of the policies which will make Europe more cohesive as well make people feel more integrated / involved.

‘Brexit means Brexit.’ (Teresa May) How might we help initiate in Europe a move away from (advisory) referenda, towards a more nuanced approach to public consultation on the future of European identity and relations?

In case of Brexit, it was sad to see that the decision to leave EU was given in the hands of common people.  Though it was done in very democratic way, it is too much for a common man to understand the benefits of an open border.  For most of them, an open border mean they could travel without needing to apply for a visa whereas it is much more than that.  It affects the lives of people on daily basis.  I strongly feel that people of Europe should also have been given the chance to answer if they want Britain to leave Europe or not.   When a decision of a country to join EU is done in a collective way, a decision to leave EU should also have been done in a similar way.  An European Identity in terms of European citizenship is a solution so that such things does not repeat again and such future issues are unanimously addressed by United Europe rather than an individual member state alone.

Our lives are made up of moments of success and misfortune, worry and hope. Tell us something about your life experience that has given you insight or motivation, which you would bring to the role, to help steer us towards a brighter, stronger future?

I come from a very middle class family in India where the society, family and traditions are more valued over wealth and status.  As a young man I made my mind that i have to  do something useful to the society and leave my footprints behind in the hearts of people.  After travelling many cities in India and few in abroad, I started materializing my thoughts by setting up a company through which employment is generated and the employees could give a better life to their families.  Today the company provides around 25 families a decent livelihood.   My next carrier shift brings me to Europe.  The political landscape of Europe is very different from that of India.  It is more open, democratic, debated and continuously evolving.   It was truly inspiring and could not stop myself but to get involved.  India which has 29 states, has 22 official but nearly 1652 different spoken languages, has been successful in keeping them united for over 60+ years.  My experience brings mix of two continents and gives an out of the box approach to the local issues.  This will be my unique contribution to a brighter and stronger Europe.

Elizabeth Evenden Kenyon

BELGIUM ALDE INDIVIDUAL MEMBERS COORDINATORS: CANDIDATES MANIFESTO

On April 13th United ALDE Individual Members will elect their new country coordinators. Here we are the presentations of the three candidates.

Jerome Roche

I was born in the centre of France and I have been living for more than twenty years in Belgium (in Flanders, Wallonia and Brussels), where I learnt to speak the national languages and the functioning of the Belgian Institutions. I have also been working more than fifteen years on European affairs both inside and outside the European Institutions. In parallel, I studied liberalism as a political theory and having worked with entrepreneurs, I realised how difficult it is to enhance a risk-taking attitude among Europeans. For these reasons and many others, I decided to join the Open VLD in Belgium and the ALDE Party as an Individual Member.

I am aware that there are many reasons why you may have joined the ALDE Party as well. However, we can gather our efforts to design common principles and common goals for the future of the European project. In particular, I am looking forward to prepare together our contribution to the liberal manifesto for the next European Parliamentary elections.

I feel that liberals suffered from being to often identified with a “everything goes” point of view which resulted in weakening their influence. In the current context of populist drifts all over Europe, we must work on redesigning our core values on current challenges, from fostering economic growth to environmental, social and cultural policies.

In order to present a common set of proposals and concrete actions stemming from the Belgian Individual Members, I need to rely upon you ! If you elect me as your new Coordinator, I will propose the creation of a restricted Belgian Steering  group, each Member of it being responsible for a set of political priorities. You will of course be welcome to make you own suggestions on this matter. Partnership is the key to success to make our voice heard among the ALDE individual members, inside the ALDE Party and beyond…

Hope to hear from you soon, and hope that you will vote for me !

Sue Arundale

I am pleased to be a candidate for ALDE Country Co-ordinator for Belgium.
As an ordinary citizen, I am standing for election because I believe that someone needs to explain to other ordinary, perhaps disillusioned and frustrated citizens, why the European Union is the best solution we have for peace, prosperity and strong influence in an increasingly globalised world. Few elected politicians (with some notable exceptions) are doing this, so why not an ordinary, committed passionate European citizen like me who has lived through the ordeal of the Brexit referendum and remains totally committed to continuing the fight against such destructive and self harming behaviour in the future? I accept that the European Union and its institutions are not perfect, but I believe that we should improve what is not working effectively, through open dialogue and authentic politics, with leaders that are connected to voters. I think this role could strengthen the connection between citizens and leaders.

As a Union of Member States we are stronger together. Isolation is not an option. Our European values – our liberal values – show the way to a more tolerant, innovative and sustainable society. I would like to explore with other individual members how we can equip citizens with the best opportunities for education and personal development so that they can be independent and successful, at the same time accepting responsibility for protecting and supporting those citizens who cannot take care of themselves.

The world is in trouble these days. The enormous divide between rich and poor is causing genuinehardship and despair and although it is unrealistic to create a world with perfect equality, I believe we should promote zero-tolerance of blatant greed and corruption, especially from our leaders. As I work in an industry that impacts all of us every day, one that is undergoing digital transformation, I believe that innovation is critical to Europe’s competitivity and also to the working and personal lives of citizens. That said, we should not destroy our planet in the process and innovation and growth should be sustainable. In particular, we need to deal with the over-consumption of materials and the problem of waste, which has reached catastrophic levels. In spite of arguments against climate change, from powerful companies and individuals with interests to protect, there is evidence that it is happening and this generation needs to take responsibility for the future state of the planet. This should not be at the expense of progress and economic strength, but the two should be compatible and we need to find ways of achieving a balance.

As Country Co-ordinator, I would serve with respect, commitmentand openness. In 2017, I became a Belgian citizen and want to represent other liberal Belgians. ALDE has offered an opportunity for citizens to engage directly with politics at EU level, via individual membership. I believe that these members, who by subscribing have shown ttheir interest in the work of the party, can take responsibility for the future of the EU and talk about the real problems and possible solutions. The “head in the sand” approach is not going to change anything and we can show initiative and spread the values of tolerance, inclusiveness, social and individual responsibility. We need to be courageous and speak truth to each other and truth to power. Common ground forms the basis of consensus and nation building, the opposite leads to division and allows the rise of populist parties that feed off anxiety and dissatisfaction.

As regards the Belgian political scene, this was a surprise to me 13 years ago when I arrived here, but now I am familiar with the “eternal compromise” that characterises our national politics. However, the apparent division between the various communities troubles me and I believe that – as at European level – we need to focus on what unites us. A small country will not maintain its influence at EU level by fracturing internally. I would like to see zero-tolerance of bigotry, whatever its nature, and a nation of individuals who embrace common values and traditions and a joint goal of building and maintaining a strong nation, at the heart of the EU, which is a gateway to the increasingly globaleconomy

Latifa  Aït-Baala

Europe is the future!
As a European citizen with a migrant and international background, citizenship and gender issues have always been at the heart of my concerns. After a master’s in Law at Pierre Mendès University (France), a DESS certificates in European and International Studies and a DEA certificates in gender studies (Switzerland), I had the chance to work for international and European organizations as well as the Belgium Senate or the Federal Parliament for liberals. I run for last European elections in Belgium as a liberal with Louis Michel (ALDE MEP).
I feel the necessity to commit myself for a stronger Europe, to build bridges between citizens in a moment where European democracy and liberal values are threatened by eurosceptism, populism drift, extremism and terrorism. The EU is a chance for European citizens and a model of peace for the world! The European market is vital for Belgium economy as it is for most of the EU-members. 72%
of Belgium exports are intra-EU and 63% of its imports are from EU Member States.
1) Role of Individual ALDE Members and of ALDE in general in this particular towards next EU elections, possible solution to populist drift There is a need to give confidence to our fellow citizens and boost European spirit in order to tackle populist drift. The EU-campaign should include a grass rooted base. Individual ALDE Members can play a key role in this matter. It’s time to give citizens the voice to shape the Europe they want.

– Promoting Europe with a positive lobby: Europe is not the problem. Europe is the solution. We will emphasize on the benefits of Europe for citizens and what would be the cost of a non-Europe.
– Promoting European citizenship: Strengthen relations between citizens, IMs, ALDE-Party, MEPs, ADLE-Cor European institutions and so on; Launch a campaign to promote European citizens living in Belgium to take part to local and European elections; Involve European liberal MEPs in Belgium; Build bridges with Belgium liberal parties and national liberal parties representations based in the country; Promote a political tutoring system for candidates to local and European elections

2) What will be your priorities if you will be elected ad Country coordinator
If elected as a national coordinator, these are my priorities for Belgium: I will work on the ground in order to strengthen the relations between the individual; Members and ALDE-party; I will get involved the greatest number of IMs promoting liberal ideas and increase members; Work on developing European spirit: promote 9th May celebrations at all levels, particularly in schools; Focus on women and youth in politics as well as promoting minority rights (LGBT, Trans); Plead for more democratization, Europeanisation and transnational lists for EU
elections.
3) Where to focus in belgian political scene and about the role of Liberals and Democrats in the next years
I wish to see Belgium liberals and democrats MEPs united in one political group as well as in ALDE-Party. United we stand strong!. In the next years, Liberals and Democrats should strengthen Europe’s place on the
international scene (speak with one voice, promote the European defense, promote the European energy market – Helios solar, shape a fair digital market offering opportunities for citizens,..)

United Kingdom: ALDE Individual Members coordinators: candidates manifesto

On April 13th United ALDE Individual Members will elect their new country coordinators. Here we are the presentation of the two candidates: David Talbot and Kevin Mc Namara

Brexit represents the most significant threat to face the United Kingdom in 70 years. It risks damaging the economy as trade deals collapse, bringing the NHS to its knees as its many overseas staff leave having been made to feel unwelcome by the treatment they receive from hardcore Brexit supporters and the right-wing press and, most significantly of all, destroying the UK as we know it. The current hard Brexit supporting government clings to power thanks to the Northern Irish Democratic Unionist Party but it is almost impossible to see a solution to what will become a border between the EU and a potentially economically hostile third country that meets the requirements of all sides in the Northern Ireland peace process, the UK and EU. While attention focuses on the Ireland border problem, equally contentious and harmful to the livelihoods of those it affects, is the border between Gibraltar and Spain. Resolving these issues, presents an opportunity for ALDE and its IMs to develop a stronger relationship with the Alliance Party of Northern Ireland, both over this, and going forwards promoting a strong relationship between liberal democratic actors such as APNI, the Liberal Party of Gibraltar, the Liberal Democrats, and ALDE (and IMs).

This situation is made all the worse by the total lack of effective opposition in the Westminster parliament, the leader of the opposition is supporting a hard Brexit despite his party and voters being remain supporters and even the EU-loving Liberal Democrats say they recognise the results of the referendum which it is becoming increasing clear was subject to considerable external, and illegal influences. ALDE and its IMs have a key role to play in seeking to drive the ongoing shift in public opinion, influencing policy at the national level through our links with the Liberal Democrats, providing support to their campaign to give voters a chance to Exit from Brexit, and creating links with third-party campaigning organisations, such as Best for Britain, to maximise our chances of success.

While Brexit is unquestionably regrettable it, and the populist drift in the UK, is easily understood when you consider the impacts of austerity on communities around the country. Areas, many rural or relying on traditional industry, with the highest proportions of low-skilled work and poorest educational results have been hardest hit by this discredited policy. Despite saying they are creating an economy that works for everyone it does not feel that way too many. What is needed is to really make it happen, promoting truly liberal and democratic policies which really do work for everyone.

At the same time, it is absolutely critical we engage the millennials and  Generation Z in politics, and convince them it something they can make a difference to, not just something which is done to them. To this end, we can improve the way we engage on social media and using other digital channels – by engaging people online using policy forums, consultations, Instagram, Twitter and Facebook polls, and exploring other channels that are used by the younger generations. We would seek to involve people who are able to do this, and grow ALDE IMs in the UK from a passive membership towards becoming a movement.

Even as we move towards Brexit, we would still expect British ALDE IMs to be able to input into the policy platform that ALDE stands on in the 2019 European elections – for opportunities to be made for this to happen, either through policy forums here in the UK or through policy consultations.

If elected, as the Country Coordinators for UK IMs we would have five priorities:

1)   Stop Brexit!

2)   Create opportunities for members to be involved in policy-making, campaigning and consulting on what involvement in ALDE looks like beyond Brexit (if we are unsuccessful in overturning it).

3)   Work to ensure the IMs understand their place in European liberalism and how they can make the most of the opportunities that creates.

4)   Find ways of engaging with 18-30 year olds and getting them interested in politics.

5)   Strengthen the relationship between ALDE, its IMs, the Liberal Democrats, the Alliance Party of Northern Ireland, and the Liberal Party of Gibraltar – one of friendship, political kinship and shared interests and history

ITALIAN POLITICAL ELECTIONS 2018, ALDE INDIVIDUAL MEMBERS CANDIDATES: GET TO KNOW THEM/3

On 4 March, Italy will return to vote to elect  new Members of Parliament. Some ALDE individual members are candidates with the liberal-democratic list + Europa with Emma Bonino. In these interviews we present the last two of them. We asked three questions to all of them and one different, about some important topics for Italy and Europe.

How Italy votes. The new Italian voting system has two levels of elections. 37%  of Members of Parliament in both Chambers  are elected in a “Uninominale” (single name list) college: single parties or coalitions express one common name. One wins the seat, others lose. 61% of MPs – in both chambers – are elected in a “Plurinominale” (more names list) college: each single party proposes from 1 to 4 candidates. The higher the percentage of votes obtained, the higher will be the number of  elected candidates. There is also a minimum percentage to be obtained to elect candidates. The remaining  2% of seats are for Italian candidates who live abroad.

You can read first set of 4 interviews  here

You can read second set of 4 interviews here


Candidates we present today:

Marco Ferraro, born in Genova in 1975, lives outside Italy since 2003, before in Belgium, Morocco andTurkey, now in Ukraine where he works for the EU in the field of reforms relating to the rule of law and justice. He is  member of Radicali Italiani and ALDE Individual Member. He runs as a candidate for Deputees Chambers for  Europe Constituency.

Alessandro Massari, born in Rome in 1966 is the president of National Committee of Radicali Italiani. He is member of Legislative office of Deputees Chamber, journalist and ALDE Individual Member. He runs ad Candidate for Senate at Plurinominale (More name list) in Umbria.

You are running as a candidate with Più Europa/+Europa. What exactly does “More Europe” mean to you?

Marco Ferraro.  Più Europa”, more Europe, means that Europe is still the answer to most of Italy’s problems. Whether it is economic growth, immigration, international trade or international security, we think that Italy would only lose by leaving a European path. Italy was a founding member of the European Community, it has greatly benefitted from European integration, and it should continue along this path. Europe has today become a scapegoat used by populists and demagogues to harvest votes and media attention, but we need to reject this line of thought. We are here to show that Italians still understand the importance of Europe for their lives. We want to show that you can actually gather popular support, and votes, around a pro-European platform, rather than an anti-European one.

In these years of spreading anti-Europeism this is something that needs to be repeated and which we need to prove in practice and in actions in order for us to be reminded of it.

 Alessandro Massari: Italy was not yet a Republic and already, it has been imagined a free state in a united Europe. +Europa with Emma Bonino, for me and for Italy, means to restart – with decision, courage and foresight – the European project which has always been present in the Radical DNA. Italy had an important role in Europe’s Birth. The Ventotene Manifesto, edited by Rossi and Spinelli in 1941, which gave birth to EEC was signed in Rome in 1957. +Europa con Emma Bonino is a project that seeks to guarantee welfare in freedom, integration in safety, more rights for all and more safeguards for environment.  It is an instrument for promoting peace, prosperity and democracy, which is needed here and now, not only for Italy but all of Europe.

What is, in your opinion, the biggest problem Italy faces at the moment and what will your contribution with +Europa be?

Marco Ferraro:  At a very general level, Italy’s fundamental problem is the lack of mutual trust among the political actors who have a stake in determining our future. For example the political parties and the electorate: people who go to vote. “Social trust” is a public good, and we don’t have much of it in Italy. This is why the years of what we call the “Second Republic” have been so inconclusive in terms of reforms.

While this is not a particularly new analysis about the Italian society, we have been seeing a new element in recent years: the appearance of a kind of populism which is more aggressive and which is based on a more fundamental rejection of “mainstream” values. This means, to offer an example, that issues which once seemed settled and consensual, have been politicised: one is the issue of vaccinations. Surprisingly as it may seem, populist discourse in Italy is going well beyond economic claims but it is attacking what we used to consider uncontroversial issues, like science and medicine.

We came to the point where, in political debate, the objectivity of the scientific approach can be questioned very easily – and here we are not talking about a learnt discussion with scholars who might have read Jaspers or Latour: we are talking about arguments put forward with the soundness of pub-like talk. Of course this does not happen only on “hard” scientific facts relative to medicine, but it spreads very easily into “softer” fields like economics, and then politics and international security.

Answering to this degeneration will require offering a message of hope and of trust in the future. And the message needs to come from a credible source. Più Europa is the right actor to do this. Emma Bonino is a guarantee of that: she is one of the most well known politicians in Italy and her story, like that of the “Radicali Italiani”, is an example of what we need: generosity in devoting oneself to others, coherence between words and actions, and courage in speaking the truth even when it is not popular.

Alessandro Massari: In my opinion, the biggest problem is the lack of intergenerational equity. The enormous public debt which Italy has accumulated causes loss of some rights for almost two generations, overwhelmed by poverty, insecurity in work, welfare for some. Italy’s Constitutional Chart provides that for each expense the means to deal with it must be identified but during the last 50 years, Italy has instead resorted to heavy debt.  The main problem is the failure to respect the rule of law, because rights have a price, and debt is not the right way to guarantee them. +Europa is way of securing more economic, social, political and civil growth. The new industrial revolution needs more digital infrastructures, more public services, less tax evasion and a more equal fiscal system. A ‘right’ justice, a universal model of welfare which could guarantee each worker and the work market that guarantees individual right to continuing education.  Beyond this, we need more democracy, more effective sovereignty in the hands of the citizen, thanks to the strengthening of direct democracy and referendums, which also utilizes digital technology. We can realize all these things only if we stop unproductive public expense,         eliminate the debt and all the money we lose in interest repayments. In this way, we will have more resources to invest in competitive businesses that provide jobs while guaranteeing, at the same time and for all, European unemployment benefit and a guaranteed minimum hourly wage.

You are already an Individual Member of ALDE Party. Don’t you think that’s enough to push for changes in European level?  What was your motivation to run as a candidate?

Marco Ferraro:  My motivation to run as a candidate is the desire to be part of the solution to the problems of our country; and the appreciation for the role that Emma Bonino and Radicali Italiani have had and continue to have in our society. Radicali Italiani are well known in Italy for having campaigned for civil rights in Italy in the past – on issues like divorce and abortion – and even today they are leading struggles that are fundamental for our living together. For example, the issue of granting Italian citizenship to the children of immigrants who are born and grow up in Italy. This is what we call “ius culturae” (citizenship by upbringing), but has wrongly and often been presented as “ius soli” (citizenship by place of birth).

Another personal reason, and a very strong one, is that I have been living outside of Italy, and for a long period in Turkey and Ukraine, and I have seen there the results of populist policies and propaganda. This gives me a perspective on what the future may hold for Italy if we don’t change course.

In relation to ALDE individual members; I have first joined it several years ago, as I saw and see it as a great opportunity for activism on a pan-European scale. Then I re-joined the ALDE individual members group as I was enthusiastic about Radical Italiani having joined ALDE in the meantime. I think that membeship of ALDE individual members and of a national political party can offer synergies and more opportunities for engagement.

 Alessandro Massari: I think EU has to be reformed. In 1996, I proposed to Marco Pannella, historical leader of Italian Radical Party, the idea of Trans-national lists as the Maastricht Treaty allowed them. Pannella was an Italian political giant known for his forward-looking and anticipatory visions.

I believe in Europe as a common homeland to live in law, freedom and equality, and I fear the rebirth of the Europe of homelands. In 1995, the time was not ripe but now I think it is. I regret that at next EU elections it is not possible to be candidates ourselves in trans-European lists but Brexit demonstrates to us that no rights and no institutions, no progress is forever if you do not commit yourselves to its maintenance and to feeding it.

Today the presentation of transnational lists is not only timely but also necessary. It must be realized Pan-European parties to realize a “light” Federal Europe.

As for my candidature, the reason is very simple: I always believed in the United States of Europe as starting point, not arrival one. In the last year with Radicali Italiani, I promoted with conviction the presentation of a pro-European list which includes not only Radicali Italiani, but everyone.

 Why, in your opinion, has a real liberal democratic culture in Italy struggled to emerge, while in the rest of Europe ALDE-affiliated parties have greater visibility?

 Alessandro Massari: In Italy, the combination of the liberal principle of individual rights with the democratic one of popular sovereignty has always been difficult. History demonstrates that both were most enunciated rather than respected. Independence wars left united Italy with a lot of debt. Historical right-wing politicians which led the country in these years represented elites, not ordinary people.  The transformation that destroyed the historical right, the end of the prohibition for Catholics to participate in political elections and the entry of popular forces into parliament were all determining factors for the rise of fascism, which looked at democracy as the evil to be treated with the nationalist dictatorship, centered on mass worship to the detriment of the individual. Republican parties – apart from Partito d’Azione – have been suffocated.  Only the Radical party was able to preserve a liberal democratic project in Italy, with referendums which made Italy more democratic, more modern, more right with enormous results. This despite a small number of MP electeds and despite attempts of obstruction by reactionary forces such as the Catholics, Stalinlists, collectivists.  I think today there is a space for liberal democracy, for a Europe of rights, and personal freedoms, federal but united in the differences. We can reform Italian institutions and be protagonists in the route towards United States of Europe.

With Italian people abroad being able to vote in this election, do you think +Europa should appeal directly to Italian people in Britain with Brexit looming? How will this happen?

Marco Ferraro. Più Europa is definitely reaching out to Italians who live in the UK; there are hundreds of thousands of them and London is a traditional destination city for many Italians who move to live abroad. Just in London there are about 250,000 Italians living there.

Più Europa has set up a committee in London – like similar ones in more that 50 cities across Europe – and several meetings have been carried out during the past weeks to reach out to the Italian communities there. Two of our candidates for the political elections, Davide Rubini and Claudio Radaelli, are themselves Italians who live and work in the UK. There is a strong interest among Italians in the UK for Più Europa, we are perceived as being different from other political parties, and specifically also in our understanding of the condition of the Italians who live outside Italy.

We don’t think there is a problem in the fact that many Italians chose to go to live and work abroad, we instead think that the problem is in the obstacles that Italy raises when and if they want to return back to Italy. We have put forward specific proposals in this regard, which aim exactly to remove these barriers: the proposals revolve around the idea that the Italian state shall take into account and recognise experiences and rights acquired by an individual during his or her  years spent abroad. This is to include the automatic recognition of degrees acquired abroad, professional qualifications, pension rights, and family rights acquired in another EU member state – this is of particular relevance for same-sex couples who marry in another country and have the legitimate expectation of still being married when they move back to Italy.

We therefore propose not some kind of cumbersome public policy supporting Italians abroad, we ask a simple thing, to give full application to the principle of the freedom of movement as foreseen by the European Union. I think that in any future Brexit deal, citizens’ rights shall be treated as a separate issue, they cannot be approached like the UK contributions to EU programmes or budget. I am convinced that this matters very much for preserving London as an international metropolis, one of the world’s capitals, and downgrading the rights of Europeans living there would be self-defeating for the UK.

Kevin Mc Namara and Emanuele Lombardini

ITALIAN POLITICAL ELECTIONS 2018, ALDE INDIVIDUAL MEMBERS CANDIDATES: GET TO KNOW THEM/2

On 4 March, Italy will return to vote to elect  new Members of Parliament. Some ALDE individual members are candidates with the liberal-democratic list + Europa with Emma Bonino. In these interviews we present the second 4 of them. We asked three questions to all of them and one different, about some important topics for Italy and Europe.

How Italy votes. The new Italian voting system has two levels of elections. 37%  of Members of Parliament in both Chambers  are elected in a “Uninominale” (single name list) college: single parties or coalitions express one common name. One wins the seat, others lose. 61% of MPs – in both chambers – are elected in a “Plurinominale” (more names list) college: each single party proposes from 1 to 4 candidates. The higher the percentage of votes obtained, the higher will be the number of  elected candidates. There is also a minimum percentage to be obtained to elect candidates. The remaining  2% of seats are for Italian candidates who live abroad.

You can read here the first set of interviews


Candidates we present today

Claudia Daniela Basta. Born in San Donà di Piave (province of Venezia) in 1976, she is a University Reasearcher and teacher, and lives in The Hague (The Neteherlands). Liberal, Radical in the dutch party D66, ALDE Individual Member. She runs as a candidate for Deputee Chambers for  Europe Constituency.

Riccardo Lo Monaco, Born in Cagliari in 1976, liberal, radical, LGBT Activist, manager.  Co -Founder of Forza Europa movement, ALDE IM Member. He runs as candidate for the “Plurinominale” (More names list) for the Senate in Sardegna 01 and Veneto 01. In Sardegna Constituency runs against Mario Adinolfi leader of anti-LGBT Moviment Il Popolo della Famiglia (Family People)

Antonio Stango. Born in Naples in 1957, he is a political scientist, writer, and editor and, since 2016, former president of the Italian league for Human Rights and now president of  Italian Federation for Human Rights. He is in the board member of “Hands off Cain”, an Italian NGO with the mission of outlawing the death penalty globally. He is italian national coordinator of ALDE Individual Members and candidate for the Deputees Chamber for the “Plurinominale” (More name list) in Veneto 02.

 Andreina Serena Romano. Born in Potenza in 1985. University researcher, works in business strategy, and innovation for SMEs and for the public sector. She was a former Member of Italia dei Valori (Italy of Value, former ALDE Member party) and is an ALDE Individual Member. She is a candidate for the Deputees Chamber for the “Plurinominale” (More names list) in Basilicata, where she is running against Vito De Filippo, the former Undersecretary to School and Instruction of the Democratic Party.

You are running as a candidate with Più Europa/+Europa. What exactly does “More Europe” mean to you?

Claudia Basta.  More Europe points toward the direction that we radical liberals believe our country should orientate its development. Populism is rampant in Italy, and the narrative according to which the European Union is the source of Italy’s socio-economic stagnation has convinced many. More Europe’s intent is to contrast that narrative and let voters realize that less Europe means a definite collapse – more Europe, the hope of offering a better future to our citizens.

Riccardo Lo Monaco First of all, I think +Europa means taking everything good that European Union gives to all Member States. We need to look forward to United State of Europe. On the other hand, +Europa means more opportunities, more rights and, above all, more peace. Indeed, we can’t forget that we have been living in peace for more than 60 years. In the end, +Europa means Erasmus, which is a powerful way to built a unique identity

Antonio Stango Italy, which is among the six founding countries of the EU, has achieved a very high level of security and economic development, which in isolation would have been impossible. Moreover – and we must be proud of this – it was in Rome in 1950 that the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, to which all the States of the Council of Europe are obliged to comply, was signed. All the community mechanisms are a vital guarantee for us in the field of human rights as well as in the economy. Faced with the wave of incongruous accusations against Europe in recent years, due to a economic and social crisis, the message of “more Europe” shows us that we need to strengthen the federal structure and not “more duties, more nationalism, and less freedom of movement for people and goods”.

Andreina Serena Romano. +Europa means for Italy to believe in a federal project, united and aware of Europe. A concrete project of United States of Europe that could be a reason for growth for the country. Italy needs Europe, just as Europe needs Italy. We must not stand still and be moved by events. Italy must walk with other states facing all the challenges of the future. We must be aware of the possibilities and work constantly to make our economy flourish and shine with our productive, natural and social capacities. +Europa with Emma Bonino represents a possibility, a challenge and a reason to continue to hope for a more European Italy.0

What is, in your opinion, the biggest problem Italy faces at the moment and what will your contribution with +Europa be?

Claudia Basta. The biggest plague of and in Italy at present is what I regard as the grave cultural degradation that seems to affect large parts of the population. Were that not be the case, far-right parties like Lega, Fratelli d’Italia and CasaPound, and ‘clown parties’ like Berlusconi’s Forza Italia and the Five Star Movement, would not have the consensus they clearly have. To be clear: the conservative right has its own history and legitimate political philosophical grounds, in Italy as in the rest of Europe, and I respect those grounds despite my liberalism. The point is the current far-right in Italy is a grotesque representation of that legacy. It is led by leaders who miss the cultural background and competencies required to set forward any credible political programme, sometimes even to express themselves in Italian correctly. Yet they form a consensus, flagging by so doing the mutual lack of critical thinking in far too many citizens – how can someone believe that Europe is our problem rather than our solution, or that immigrants are inherently a threat?

By promoting a stronger integration of Italy in Europe and vice versa, by stressing the importance of science, research & development, as the ‘DNA’ of our democracy, and by putting our women candidates Costanza Hermanin, Ersilia Vaudo, Roberta Talarico and Giulia Pastorella – all high-skilled professionals with a scientific background – at the forefront of our campaign, Più Europa aims at activating a cultural revolution. Politically conscious Italians abound, both in Italy and abroad – our challenge is involving them in our project.

Riccardo Lo Monaco First of all, we need to increase jobs. However, we can’t forget the huge public debt that overwhelms Italy. For this reason, on one hand we need a State that helps market competition and the private initiative. On the other hand, we need to cut the wastes that hit public costs. In this way we can invest on job.

Antonio Stango  The complexity of international relations, including the risks of terrorism and war, the epochal challenge of migration, the transnationality of organized crime and the need for new forms of industrial and commercial competitiveness in a globalized world. These oblige us to joint responses from one strong European Union, while it would be dangerous to rely on individual solutions by 27 states. The development of strategies and methods for dealing with social problems within each country can benefit from European cooperation and the sharing of best practices in different fields. The elected representatives of +Europa, in addition to the specific skills that each will bring, and in a pragmatically liberal democratic and non-ideological vision, will have to maintain the full European integration method in all areas of their parliamentary activity.

Andreina Serena Romano. Unfortunately, at the moment, I think that Italy is facing many problems in many sectors. There is a great job to do and many sacrifices to come. I could list many points in the program but I would like to focus on a couple. Growth and the labour market are two key points in the +Europa programme and two hot topics in my campaign. From these two points there are a thousand themes that can solve many of the problems that we face. Rethinking industry and companies with more modern, innovative approaches helps us to create different production and commercial models that can keep up with the times. The contribution of research is essential for us to thrive and to differentiate ourselves. Competition should not be a taboo but the foundation of our economy. Not only for companies but also for consumers. We need to facilitate freelancers and remove barriers from young people creating businesses. By loosening these knots, we can start to speak a common language to the rest of the world, which continues to move forward as we watch. Think of the world of start-ups and the many problems of small and micro companies that make up the largest percentage of our economic fabric: we must remove the obstacles to their growth.

 You are already an Individual Member of ALDE Party. Don’t you think that’s enough to push for changes in European level?  What was your motivation to run as a candidate?

Claudia Basta. Initially, I didn’t think I would run as a candidate. As member of ALDE and of the Dutch party D66, having lived in the Netherlands, I had enough to do and contribute to the European project already.

When Più Europa was born, back in November, what I did was simply to put myself at disposal of the respective European steering committee, led by our head-of-list for the lower chamber, Alessandro Fusacchia. I gave my availability to become a candidate, as many others, for helping the movement grow in Northern Europe more than for the true ambition to run, but Alessandro proposed me to be the first ‘Dutch’ candidate ever proposed by an Italian party in the Europe constituency, and I accepted with enthusiasm.

Riccardo Lo Monaco Italy does not have a political party that represents Europe and European ideas. This could be a risk for the European project. Unfortunately, many Italian leaders, even including Berlusconi, who says he supports United Europe, allies with the most xenophobic and nationalist political parties that have ever existed in Italy, such as Salvini and Meloni. I will always support human rights and civil liberties, such as LGBTI cause. These rights could be threatened by anti-European parties. Indeed, this is the reason why I decided to become a candidate. My goal is to defend the European project and all that means: rights, Erasmus, circulation and integration in order to create an unique identity within all Member States. In this way, Italy will be similar to other countries, such as France, Germany or Dutch, without being the Hungary with Orban.

Antonio Stango  Transnational lists would be a positive step towards an accentuated federal dimension of the European Union, just as it was important in 1979 to start electing the members of the European Parliament by universal suffrage. I am sure that we will have to achieve this goal too. I have chosen to run as a candidate because I believe that all the energies and ideas of those who do not intend to give in to populism, sovereignism or abstention – three deadly risks to democracy, civil rights and socio-economic wellbeing – must converge towards the hope of effectively liberal democratic and federalist politics.

Andreina Serena Romano. I believe that the time has come for a new, more European, more compact and policy younger. New communication methods and new methods of approach to the voter. I have been an individual member of ALDE for many years, I started my journey in LYMEC and this has helped me a lot. Dealing with the politics of other countries is a starting point to improve and make ours more open. This is why I have always supported transnational lists, which have had a setback. It’s a way to rely on different cultures and thoughts, to discover how other European countries operate and how we can improve our political activities. It is time for a new political wind of right ideals, of real commitment and of security and loyalty. That’s why I chose to run as a candidate and put my face in the front row for the European project.

Why, in your opinion, has a real liberal democratic culture in Italy struggled to emerge, while in the rest of Europe ALDE-affiliated parties have greater visibility?

Antonio Stango  Italian politics has for decades been dominated by the contrast between the two “church parties” – the Christian Democrats and the Communist Party with strong traditions of Catholicism and Marxism respectively. Meanwhile, the minor secular parties, like Liberal Democrats, no other possibility of maneuvering it but supporting it, with variable results. The only exception were the Italian Social Movement which referred to the political elements of Fascism and which was considered “outside the constitutional arch” – a term referred to the parties who contributed to wrote the Italian Constitutional Chart after WWII, the Radical Party, which between 1976 and 1987 participated in the elections with the his own name and that he posed as an alternative to both the logic and the “historical compromise” between Christian Democrats and Communists, pursuing his own non-ideological objectives and seeking convergence on those.

The end of the PCI, which was the largest communist party in the Western world, together with the French one) after the collapse of the Wall and the dissolution of the Soviet reference, the extinction of the DC and other parties in the final crisis of the “First Republic” left space for Berlusconi’s Forza Italia; that initially appeared as a “mass liberal party”, and changed face, programs and practices according to the polls and allies of the moment. The phase that starts now could allow us, precisely because of the urgent need to counteract the new risks, to strengthen the role of a liberal democratic alternative party and make it more evident and incisive.

Andreina Serena Romano. This is a good question, difficult and impactful. The liberal democratic parties in Europe are strong, often form the government and are often fundamental in European political management. I believe the main problem is our difficulty in changing history and adapting ourselves. We have a strong attachment to conservative and Catholic thought, despite being a secular country. But this is a knot that we will dissolve with difficulty, even if with +Europa we are finally launching one true liberal democratic party that can lead us towards modernity.

With Italian people abroad being able to vote in this election, do you think +Europa should appeal directly to Italian people in Britain with Brexit looming? How will this happen?

Claudia Basta. Più Europa’s candidates living in the UK, Davide Rubini (for the lower chamber) and Claudio Radaelli (for the Senate) are the brightest, most competent and most genuine ‘remainers’ that Italian voters are likely to meet in the course of this campaign. Respectively, a European Regulatory Affairs Manager and a European governance professor, they have explained to the many Italians who followed their campaign why they think Brexit is a political, economic, and  identitarian disaster for the people living in the UK – regardless of whether they’re native British or not. Davide and Claudio embody outstandingly our pro-European political programme and the level at which we would like to take the debate on the European Union. Through them, and through the entire team created by Alessandro Fusacchia and Alberto Alemanno, our head-of-list at the Senate, we really are deploying the best minds and the most enthusiastic Italians possible for making the European Union “exiters-proof”.

Riccardo Lo Monaco +Europa should appeal to all Italians within European territory, stimulating them to vote for “Europe”. Of course, Italians in Great Britain should feel more than everyone this European feeling. For this reason, since Brexit, they should vote +Europa. We just need to reach them saying that we are in this election!

Kevin Mc Namara and Emanuele Lombardini

Italian political elections 2018, ALDE Individual members candidates: get to know them/1

On 4 March, Italy will return to vote to elect  new Members of Parliament. Eight ALDE individual members are candidates with the liberal-democratic list + Europa with Emma Bonino. In these interviews we present the first 4 of them. We asked three questions to all of them and one different, about some important topics for Italy and Europe.

How Italy votes. The new Italian voting system has two levels of elections. 37%  of Members of Parliament in both Chambers  are elected in a “Uninominale” (single name list) college: single parties or coalitions express one common name. One wins the seat, others lose. 61% of MPs – in both chambers – are elected in a “Plurinominale” (more names list) college: each single party proposes from 1 to 4 candidates. The higher the percentage of votes obtained, the higher will be the number of  elected candidates. There is also a minimum percentage to be obtained to elect candidates. The remaining  2% of seats are for Italian candidates who live abroad.

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Candidates we present today:

YURI GUAIANA

Born in Cantù, province of Como in 1974, president of Certi Diritti Association, LGBT Activist. Member of Radicali Italiani, former president of ALDE Individual Members. Candidate for Deputees Chamber at  “Plurinominale” (More name list) in Lombardia 02.

SJLVIA MANZI

Born in Foggia in 1973, she lives in Turin. Tresaurer of Radicali Italiani, ALDE Individual Member. Leader candidate for Deputees Chamber at “Uninominale” (Single name list) in Turin 02 and at  “Plurinominale” (More name list) in Piemonte 1, Lazio 1, Campania 1, Campania 2

CARMELO PALMA

Born in Turin in 1969, journalist, editor in  chief of political study on line magazine “Strade”, ALDE Individual Member and member of Radicali Italiani. Candidate for Senate at  “Plurinominale” (More name list) in Piemonte 1, Piemonte 2, Lombardia 2, Lombardia 3, Lombardia 4.

DIANA SEVERATI

Born in Milan 1976, she lives in Rome where she works as trainer and consutant in crowfunding sector. Member of Radicali Italiani and ALDE Individual Member. Candidate for Senate at  “Plurinominale” (More name list) in Veneto 01, Veneto 02, Trentino Alto Adige 01, Friuli Venezia Giulia 01, Lazio 02, Lazio 03

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You are running as a candidate with Più Europa/+Europa. What exactly does “More Europe” mean to you?

Yuri Guaiana I’ve been a Radical for all my life and I subscribe to all their liberal views, since individual freedom is at the core of my political identity – but +Europa goes beyond the Radicals. It’s a political project which makes Europe a priority for Italy. In these times of rampant Euroscepticism, we are the only party who dare to say that we need more Europe and that this is in our interest. Europe gave Italy more economic stability and more civil rights. To tackle migration, we need common European borders. We want a federal Europe where responsibilities are clear and people, not only nation states, count.

Sjlvia Manzi +Europa, in Italy – and not only in Italy – is a need. We are living through a period that will be studied in the history books if we don’t reverse the course. Next generations will ask themselves how we allowed the return of nationalism and populism. This is the reason why, even in a country with strong European tradition like Italy, we must reaffirm that the solution to our problems is not less Europe, but more rights, more democracy, more freedom and, therefore, more Europe.

Carmelo Palma. First, it means reversing the rhetoric of victimhood that many have towards the EU and reversing the decline of fiscal responsibility and financial stability in Italy as Europe has become the scapegoat for problems that have been caused in Rome.

The public debt, which has dug a chasm beneath the feet of future generations, has been the product of national political choices. The imbalances of our social security system arise from a parasitic use of the public budget as a means of “remuneration”. In Italy, the exchange vote was not legal, but taxpayers are paying the price of this sale.

The EU is the life boat keeping Italy afloat. Outside the Eurozone and without ECB support, we would not be able to refinance its public debt. +Europa means for us +Italy. Without the common market and without the four freedoms – the free movement of goods, capital, services and people – the Italian economy, with its export-oriented manufacturing vocation, would simply die.

Diana Severati Europe has guaranteed us peace, a free market, freedom of movement and opportunity for young people, such as Erasmus. We are saying yes to this Europe we have but More Europe means to me more liberty, more rights, more democracy, more growth, more sustainability,  more union rights, more knowledge, more equity, and more jobs.

What is, in your opinion, the biggest problem Italy faces at the moment and what will your contribution with +Europa be?

Yuri Guaiana Italy faces a huge populist threat which can harm not only Italy but the EU itself. To fight it, we need to change many things starting from the relationship between the State and us citizens. For far to many years we have increased our public debt jeopardizing the future of young Italians. The disregard for them is shocking and that’s why populism and euro skepticism is high among the youngsters. We need to freeze public expenditures to contain the public debt and start reducing taxis, especially for free lancers who are the most vexed and the youngest workers. We need to do away with all the red tape that makes it harder to interact with the public administrator. We need to support more scientific  research and technological development. In a nutshell, we need to create more opportunity, specially for young people.

Sjlvia Manzi Italy’s big problems are still those linked to the blocks of party power. We must not delude ourselves: even new movements, that define themselves as ’different’ have perfectly fitted to the ‘parties system’ and have become the new bishops of it. This is why those of us that become +Europa MPs will have as priority the respect for the rules, legality, and the rule of law.

Carmelo Palma The biggest problem is restoring a honesty to politics and creating a politics that recognizes and faces problems. If one thinks of treating a country with a lot of debt with even more debt is a good outcome, then it shows that our political culture is very debased and out of touch.

What we risk is a phenomenon of collective alienation, like the one that brought British voters to vote for Brexit, which will not put an extra pound in the pockets of families in the United Kingdom and risks taking it away in the medium and long term, much more than what they thought was extracted from them by Brussels.

I give another example: we live in a country that in 2017 had a negative demographic balance – the relationship between births and deaths – of 180,000 individuals, the worst after that of the First World War, with the worst fertility rate in Europe of 1.2 children per woman of childbearing age. Yet we continue to consider immigration a problem when it is the only possible and immediate solution to the deterioration of the demographic structure of the population.

Diana Severati I think that the biggest problem Italy faces at the moment is public debt. Public debt is a real threat causing financial instability and market trust crisis.

+Europa proposes to freeze the nominal value of public debt for the next five years by cutting subsidies dangerous to the environment, main house subsidies and subsidies to businesses  (especially in the agricolture and manufacture sectors). There are also the spending review lists by Carlo Cottarelli and Roberto Pierotti, ready to be implemented.

Making Italy free from public debt would allow the country to better face the European integration process.

You are already an Individual Member of ALDE Party. Don’t you think that’s enough to push for changes in European level?  What was your motivation to run as a candidate?

Yuri Guaiana I am running as +Europa candidate precisely because I’m an individual member of ALDE Party, not despite it. Doing politics cannot be confined to one affiliation. I’m doing politics as a Human Rights activist, as an Individual Member of ALDE Party and as a candidate with +Europa. ALDE Party has been running a very effective campaign called #ValuesFirst. That’s for me what politics is about: study and work hard to enhance my liberal values and translate them into policies and laws. This campaign is another way to engage with people on crucial matters and fundamental values that today, more than ever, are at stake. If I am elected, I will help translate them into policies and laws within the institutions, but If I don’t I’ll keep doing politics and translate my values into polices and laws from outside the institutions. As Radicals, we are pretty good at that, as we showed with the laws on divorce, abortion and, more recently, on civil unions and living wills.

Sjlvia Manzi. It should certainly more courage. Apart from transnational lists idea, it is overall the election mode for MEPs that should be reformed in a way to allow a real closeness between elected and voters. This is what Europe needs more. I choose to run as a candidate to try to realize the Liberal European Federalist dream, chasing Altiero Spinelli and Marco Pannella (Italian radical leader ndr) tradition.

Carmelo Palma. I am member of a pro-European party, but I think the most promising prospect for the political consolidation of the Union is that of building pan-European parties. Without parties that think of themselves as Europeans, it will be difficult to imagine a European policy that is not a sum or an average of national policies. If we look at the great European political families, including ours, there are not only evident differences between the different national parties that compose them, but there is a substantial impossibility of thinking of the European as a truly unified political dimension. It is illusory to think of an EU that exceeds the states that compose it. But it is also illusory to think that the only level of political organization and representation is that of the state and that it is possible together to make a European policy. What led me to nominate myself? The awareness that, as Mitterand said, nationalism is war.

Diana Severati Individual Members are not a party themselves but their role is to activate the dialogue with existing member parties, trying also to influence them.

National parties, at the moment, are still needed and they should put United States of Europe on their agenda.

Being an ALDE IM, running as a candidate is an added value. Indeed, this is the reason why I decided to become a candidate. My goal is to defend the European project and all that means: rights, Erasmus, circulation and integration in order to create an unique identity within all Member States. In this way, Italy will be similar to other countries, such as France, Germany or Dutch, without being the Hungary with Orban.

Why, in your opinion, has a real liberal democratic culture in Italy struggled to emerge, while in the rest of Europe ALDE-affiliated parties have greater visibility?

Sjlvia Manzi Because varied and numerous liberal movements in Italy do not have the courage to unite  – preferring to claim a more past without having competence and humility to look to the future. On the other hand, there remain some seemingly insurmountable differences, among ‘so called’ right wing liberals and ‘so called’ left wing liberals.

It’s time to overcome these differences: liberals and democrats, in my opinion, should be as liberal in economical topics as they are individual freedom strenuous defenders.

Carmelo Palma. Liberal Democratic parties in Italy have never emerged in the last century from a strongly minoritarian dimension. While, for many decades, they played a decisive role in the balance of government and today they are mostly extra-institutional forces, lacking sufficient electoral consistency to win seats and metamorphose into politically accredited interlocutors. I hope that +Europa can reverse this process. I do not delude myself that we can win the election, but I think we can bring back a force that is openly liberal democratic within institutions and at the heart of political discussion.

With Italian people abroad being able to vote in this election, do you think +Europa should appeal directly to Italian people in Britain with Brexit looming? How will this happen?

Yuri Guaiana +Europa does appeal to Italians living overseas. We have great candidates in all the overseas constituencies and the European one is obviously the most important. Many Italians left Italy – for the UK, but also for Spain and Germany – because there were no chances here for them. I’m talking about chances to find a job or, if they are LGBT, to marry the person they love, for instance. They know better than any other what the problems are in Italy and I’m confident they will support us. I don’t think Italians in the UK are any different to Italians in Spain, Germany or anywhere else, but they certainly know very well the problems that Brexit causes to the UK and to European citizens in the UK. I’m confident they will support our pro-European message

Diana Severati +Europa is directly appealing to Italian people living in the UK. We have candidates for Europe, Americas and Asia. For people living in London, a fundraising dinner with Benedetto Della Vedova will take place on the 19th of February.

Kevin Mc Namara and Emanuele Lombardini

 

ALDE Party Congress 2017: have we reached our Climax?

From December 1st to 3rd, Amsterdam hosted the ALDE Party Congress 2017. In this piece, Thalia Ntoka speaks about the salient aspects of the event, the perspectives for Alde and the contribution  expected from Individual Members

With more than 3000 ALDE Individual Members around the world we should celebrate this and hope things won’t change. We already achieved so many successes regarding our status. We have an elected Steering Committee, country Coordinators and a whole department inside the ALDE Party to help us. We elect Delegates, submit Resolutions, have voting rights and attend the annual Congress with numerous events, what else could we ask for?

The truth is that this Congress, was a huge success for us! We worked hard for two years, elected 3 Delegates to represent us, submitted 2 Resolutions and one of them was adopted. We held 4 big events, offered our members the possibility to contribute, share and exchange ideas and finally, we managed to increase our visibility, we even had a live interview similar to that prime ministers and commissioners had.

If we look back to where we started, we already made big steps and achieved so many things. We definitely couldn’t have done it without help from people from the ALDE Party and if we didn’t have the will to become stronger and give the European citizens the opportunity to participate and raise their voice.

Now the time has come to make the next big step and this is the hard part. We need to decide about the kind of the piece of the puzzle we want to be. We come from different countries and even if we share common European values, we also have our national identity. It won’t be easy to persuade people to start thinking different than what they are used to. We should find our common ground where we are all strongly connected and start pushing for European solutions.

We have already produce resolutions but we need to eliminate all kind of concerns when it comes to the slogan of ‘more Europe’. Our campaigns should be targeted and specific to important issues regarding our common future. Our events must contain solutions and politics. We need to become the policy makers who will offer a liberal agenda to the European citizens.

We cannot change things in a heart beat. Our president Hans Van Baalen once said that the Individual Members are the driving force of the ALDE party. We should prove our value on daily basis. The New Steering Committee has concrete roles, since we decided that if we want to succeed and make a step further, we have to separate our duties and use our abilities wisely. We also decided to introduce two co-Chairs because the ALDE Party Individual membership is increasing rapidly, something which means there is much more work to be done.

Unfortunately 5 people cannot work miracles, we need your valuable help and knowledge. Introduce yourselves to those who are interested in participating. Share your creative ideas with us and other members. Being a policy maker is not an easy task, it requires good will and time. There is no need to feel disappointment if the results are not always the desired ones because challenges will never stop.

The next two years we will choose our battles wisely. We will target specific political sectors (eg. education, economy, environment, human rights), so that our campaigns have a result. The same with our events in our countries. You are all invited to highlight problems in your region and we will be there to help you. 

If I could use this as a call for participation then allow me to add this quote from Barack Obama: “A change is brought about because ordinary people, do extraordinary things.”

We can do extraordinary things but that requires a strategy, highly motivated people and big dreams. With more than 3000 members around the world, let’s do it!

Thalia Ntoka

L’Europa e le sfide dei flussi migratori: Alde Individual Members ne hanno discusso a Roma

In this new contribution, in Italian, Marco Ajello talks about an event organized by Alde Individual Members  and Radicali Italiani about Europe and migration flows. Among the speakers were Emma Bonino, former European Union Commissioner and former Minister of Foreign Affairs; Benedetto Della Vedova, Under-Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and founder of the pro-EU movement Forza Europa; Andrea Mazziotti, current chairman of the Commission for Constitutional Affairs, and, finally, Radicali Italiani president  Antonella Soldo. Due to the exceptional nature of this event, we have decided to publish a longer contribution than we usually permit

Alde Individual Members  insieme col parlamento europeo e di concerto coi Radicali Italiani ha organizzato una conferenza sul tema politico sicuramente più sensibile al momento, ovvero quello della gestione dei flussi migratori. Moderato da Antonio Stango, coordinatore italiano degli Alde Individual Members, l’incontro ha visto la presenza di Emma Bonino, già Ministro degli Esteri e commissario Europeo, dell’attuale presidente della commissione Affari Costituzionali della Camera dei Deputati, Andrea Mazziotti, di Benedetto della Vedova, sottosegretario agli Esteri, della presidente radicale Antonella Soldo; di Gianna Radiconcini, presidente onorario del Partito d’Azione, di Marc Hartwig, leader del team Hotspot Italia e di due studiosi del settore come Giuseppe Morgese e Nadan Petrovich, oltre a Riccardo Scarpa della Lega Italiana diritti dell’uomo.

Il quadro generale italiano

L’immigrazione non è un fatto nuovo e se nel nostro paese è un fatto recente, di certo le migrazioni sono avvenute dal nostro paese e in alcuni momenti sono stati elemento caratterizzante, senza dover pensare all’epoca dei regni romanobarbarici, la stessa Roma si sviluppa col contributi di diverse popolazioni, compresi gli etruschi, che probabilmente nemmeno erano di lingua indoeuropea; e ovviamente senza dimenticare le colonie greche o fenicie lungo le coste meridionali. La stessa Epica che doveva celebrare il natale di Roma tratta della storia di un migrante anatolico che fugge col padre e il figlio dalla guerra e trovando l’amore e il progetto di vita nella penisola.

Oggi globalmente nel mondo ci sono 230 milioni, 3% della popolazione mondiale, un sociologo austriaco rovesciò la questione ponendosi invece il quesito “come mai il 97% delle persone non si sposta?” Gli stati nascono entità di sovrano che posseggono sudditi e terre e in tal senso le varie modernizzazioni non cambiano tale sostanza. L’ultimo millennio si caratterizza contro gli spostamenti di massa e anzi i dissidi fra diversi gruppi etnici sono stati spesso alla base degli sconvolgimenti e della creazione di nuovi assetti. In questa cornice si sviluppano i principi sul “diritto di emigrare” degli individui, che non si traduce in qualche obbligo a ricevere immigrazione. La convenzione di Ginevra del 1951, sottoscritta da una trentina di stati sovrani  aveva in mente soprattutto la problematica di singoli individui e si preoccupavano per i perseguitati dagli stati di origine (siamo nel pieno della guerra fredda): quindi non si trattava di emigrazioni di massa e si poggiava unicamente sulla persecuzione di enti statali. Il ministro Gava firmò le prime riforme in merito e da allora non sono sostanzialmente cambiate: la legislazione cittadinanza è del 1992, quella dell’asilo del 2002, ma riprende una legge del 1990). Oggi dunque viviamo col paradosso di fare un’accoglienza che pare fine a se stessa, e solo dopo anni cominciamo a chiedere all’immigrato cosa sa fare (e senza permesso di soggiorno gli è vietato chiedere un lavoro standard). Abbiamo un’immigrazione sostanzialmente irregolare, anche perché non abbiamo offerto un’immigrazione regolare credibile. Andare nel consolato del proprio paese per  informarsi per trovare un imprenditore o uno sponsor italiano nasconde una mentalità da pianificazione statale assolutamente fuori da ogni buon senso: il mercato produce le occasioni di lavoro, non gli stati, soprattutto in paesi c un forte terziario avanzato.

La situazione attuale.

Dopo le tragedie in mare nel 2015 la UE decide di regolamentare la problematica  (l’agenda europea dell’immigrazione: evitare i morti, ridurre immigrazione irregolare,  arrivare a una politica comune di asilo, una nuova politica di immigrazione legale e rafforzare i rapporti coi paesi di origine); l’obiettivo era  creare una eccezione temporanea agli accordi di Dublino. La commissione, per ingraziarsi i paesi membri, ha premuto per l’uso sistematico del fotosegnalamento, per garantire a ogni paese la conoscenza sugli arrivi. Il sistema italiano di accoglienza è però saturo: non si può garantire la gestione completa nei 5 hotspot destinati e si compensa con varie strutture emergenziali.

Gli accordi di Dublino prevedono che la richiesta degli immigrati debba avvenire nel paese di primo approdo. L’Italia firmò a cuor leggero, perchè in quel momento lo scenario vedeva come avamposto la Germania rispetto alle rotte via terra nella Mitteleuropa. Il problema vero non sono gli sbarchi, bensì la società multiculturale: problemi quindi non solo di casa e lavoro, ma anche di pari opportunità; e se non ci è chiaro lo scenario, il rischio è che ci scoppi tutto addosso.

L’intervento di Andrea Mazziotti

Di rilievo l’intervento di Andrea Mazziotti, promotore con Bonino, Della Vedova e Magi della nuova lista ‘+ Europa’: “In Parlamento- ha spiegato-non ha avuto vita facile la risoluzione del 2016 dell’europarlamento sulla raccomandazione all’istituzione di un meccanismo in materia di democrazia, stato di diritto e diritti fondamentali. Da parametri valori a norme, ma di fatto in parlamento si rovescia lo schema. Si parte  dal problema, da quello che ci piacerebbe e dopo si cerca di adattare con le norme: prima vediamo di cosa sono contenti i cittadini. Il problema in ambito Parlamentare è la mancanza dei giusti interlocutori nelle sedi istituzionali. Ed inoltre quella delle modifiche alle norme sull’asilo politico è questione marginale nonostante si parla solo di quello. Quanto alla revisione del trattato di Dublino, è stata bocciata dall’Italia, sia perché l’onere rimane in gran parte nel paese di primo approdo, che avrebbe dovuto comunque fare una revisione preliminare di ammissibilità, lasciando quindi un sovraccarico a tali paesi; sia per la gestione con gli altri paesi membri, che di fatto legittimava la non ricezione di individui in cambio di minori trasferimenti di denaro, esplicitando di fatto un valore monetario del migrante. Secondo correttezza, si dovrebbe sollevare la questione partendo all’articolo 7 del trattato e cacciare gli stati membri reticenti. La Commissione stessa persiste nell’usare strumenti giuridici deboli, per potersi riservare maggior  discrezionalità e di comune accordo coi governi soppianta l’Europarlamento e i suoi strumenti democratici e legali. Tutta la gestione dell’immigrazione di fatto è avvenuta al di fuori di trattati stipulati con altre nazioni sovrane, gli accordi dei singoli governi con la Turchia sono un esempio. E in Libia è ancora peggio, considerando che gli accordi non sono neppure con una realtà statuale radicata sul territorio, ma solamente vari clan e gruppi di potere al di fuori di qualunque controllo giuridico”.

Contro una nuova Lega delle nazioni

“Usiamo strumenti giuridici deboli quando ci va di mezzo la vita delle persone- prosegue Mazziotti – Viene da domandarsi a che serve l’inchiostro usato per le leggi che sanciscono dei valori. La riduzione di sbarchi di cui si vanta la commissione è meramente trattenuta nei paesi prospicienti il mediterraneo in strutture che non dobbiamo aver paura a chiamare Lager, intesi come luoghi al di fuori di controlli terzi e quindi latori di qualunque violenza. Al di là dell’Italia, al di là dell’Unione Europea, dobbiamo porci una questione di stato di diritto, anzi proprio di “pianeta di diritto”, argomento per il quale l’ONU dovrebbe essere la principale tematica, che purtroppo ultimamente ha cominciato a ritrarre l’espansione dei diritti umani a favore di una novella edizione della lega delle nazioni. Questo è il sovranismo: persone che vogliono chiudere il ciclo produttivo e riproduttivo. Se è vero che con liberalismo economico lì dove arrivano le merci non arrivano cannoni, è altrettanto vero che dove non si fanno arrivare le persone si dovrà perlomeno dare delle prospettive di sviluppo. E lo sviluppo non funziona dall’alto, se non per la creazione di norme e di progetti di massima. La crescita reale avviene con le singole decisione di ogni singola “formichina umana” che abita questo pianeta: solo i risparmi degli immigrati può portare benessere autentico nelle popolazioni in ristrettezze economiche. Dagli accordi di Helsinki (1975) fino all’attentato alle Torri Gemelle (2001) il mondo ci ha fatto credere in una progressiva e inarrestabile aumento dei diritti individuali. La diminuzione del lavoro e soprattutto del suo valore economico al di fuori delle figure ultrapicali,  ha smantellato il potere della media borghesia che è il contropotere diffuso contro i soprusi delle entità statuali e non. La  morbidezza con la Cina dopo i fatti di Tienanmen han garantito essa di diventare potenza mondiale, e ora persino prepotenza mondiale. Siamo sempre più mondo fatto di governatori in stile George Wallace, nel suo discorso di insediamento nel 1963 invocò “segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever” (segregazione ora, domani e sempre). Per questo non bisogna far passare sotto gamba queste problematiche: c’è in gioco oltre all’assetto delle nostre città, anche proprio la nostra rappresentanza e diritti e valori che consideriamo base e fine della civiltà”.

Marco Ajello